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Journal section "Socio-economic research"

Labor activity of the population in the Russian macro-region in the contemporary conditions

Pasovets Y.M.

Volume 8, Issue 1, 2022

Pasovets Yu.M. (2022). Labor activity of the population in the Russian macro-region in the contemporary conditions. Social area, 8(1). DOI: 10.15838/sa.2022.1.33.5 URL: http://socialarea-journal.ru/article/29204?_lang=en

DOI: 10.15838/sa.2022.1.33.5

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
In the paper within the framework of anthroposociocultural approach to the study of regional communities we propose to consider labor activity of macro-region population in two projections: societal-functional ¬– as employment of population and its structure and anthroposocietal – as labor motivation. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyze the specifics of the structure of employment and labor motivations of the population of the Russian macro-region, their coherence in the case of the Central Black Earth region. The originality of this problem formulation and solution is associated with an appeal to the analysis of the Russians labor activity at the level of this macro-region and the regions included in it, the new empirical data introduction into scientific circulation and the determination the specifics of the population’s labor motivation in the macro-region, its comparison with the objective trends of changes in the regional employment structure. The empirical basis of the study consists of data from state statistics and the results of a mass survey of the population conducted with the personal participation of the author in September – October 2020 in the Voronezh, Kursk and Lipetsk regions (N = 1200 people) by semi-formalized interview. In the societal-functional projection of labor activity of the macro-region population the characteristics of employment structure stand out, due to the structural changes in the regional labor markets: predominance of employment both in the traditional for the Central Black Earth region areas of manufacturing and agriculture, and in trade, repair, as well as employment in the private sector of the economy. The labor motivation of the macro-region population, manifested in the anthroposocietal projection, is distinguished by the predominance of paternalistic labor attitudes (employment in the public or private sector of the economy and stable low wages) and an insignificant prevalence of market motives for labor (employment in the private sector of the economy and higher wages). This indicates a mismatch between subjective attitudes in the labor and employment sphere and objective trends in the development of this macro-region sphere. The acuity of this mismatch requires the development of a management measures set, and monitoring in further sociological research

Keywords

employment, region, central black earth region, labor activity, russian society, labor motivation, macro-region, Labor activity, Central Black Earth Region, Russian society

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