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08.12.202112.2021с 01.01.2021
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Journal section "Socio-economic research"

Precarious Employment in Russia’s Regions: Experience of Correlation Analysis

Panov A.M.

1 (8), 2017

Panov A.M. Precarious Employment in Russia’s Regions: Experience of Correlation Analysis. Social area, 2017, no. 1 (8). URL: http://socialarea-journal.ru/article/2188?_lang=en

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article reveals the concept of precarious employment on the basis of a critical analysis of scientific literature of domestic and foreign authors. The article presents the author’s classification of the components of precarious employment and external socio-economic environment factors; the classification was developed on the basis of research findings obtained by Russian and foreign scientists. The components of precarious employment are arranged in three groups of statistical indicators: economic institutions, employment conditions and labour market conditions. In assessing the external socio-economic environment the author distinguishes three groups of factors: demographic, social and economic. For the components of precarious employment and external socio-economic environment factors the author proposes a system of indicators available in official Russian statistics materials. To assess the relationship between the prevalence of precarious employment and socio-economic development of territories the author conducted a correlation analysis in which the Pearson correlation coefficient between indicators of external socio-economic environment and the prevalence of precarious employment in 80 regions of the Russian Federation was calculated. The specific features and nature of the relationships identified by the results of the analysis are disclosed with the application of general scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, dialectical method of cognition. The calculations show that the prevalence of precarious work is strongly influenced by economic and social factors (especially remuneration and education of the population). The author analyzed the relationship between the prevalence of precarious employment and the “Russian model of the labor market” described by domestic experts. It is shown that the model of labour relations under consideration provides for the maintenance of the conditions that create the incentives for the diffusion of precarious employment (primarily this is due to the “flexible” pay system). The final part of the paper presents general recommendations for improving the institutional environment of the regional labor market and outlines the main prospects for further research: the use of the factor analysis, in-depth study of the phenomena of the external environment, the study of precarious employment broken down by economic sectors, types of economic activities and types of settlements, the use of sociological tools

Keywords

socio-economic development, labor market, correlation analysis, precarious employment